CHAPTER 15: Cold Weather Operations


Cold weather, ice, snow, slush and frost, cause a host of airplane problems. In the winter, when these hazards are present, the number of takeoff and landing accidents dramatically increases.

  • Ice Forms 
  • Ice Categories
  • Cold Weather Hazards 
  • Pitot Static Tube Icing 
  • Clear Ice on Takeoff 
  • Effect of Ice and Frost on Lift and Drag 
  • Wing Ice on Takeoff
  • Frost
  • Icing Condition Takeoff Problems 
  • Icing and the Autopilot 
  • Horizontal Tail Ice 
  • Horizontal Tail Ice 
  • Tail Ice Characteristics on the Landing Approach 
  • De-Icing and Anti-Icing Operations
  • Fluids 
  • Anti-icing Residue 
  • Icing Condition Issues 
  • Autopilot